History Vocabulary Lists

List 1 – Quiz on 9/1

  1. continent – a large area of the land on earth
  2. equator – imaginary circle around the center of the earth
  3. fault – a place where sections of earth’s crust move
  4. fertile – good for growing crops
  5. hemisphere – half of the globe
  6. latitude – imaginary horizontal lines that circle the globe
  7. longitude – imaginary vertical lines on the globe
  8. migrate – to move
  9. sphere – an object that is completely round in shape
  10. tropics – warm region of Earth near the equator

List 2 – Quiz on 9/15

  1. agriculture – farming
  2. climate – the usual weather of a place
  3. desert – an area with very little rain and very few plants
  4. irrigation – watering land for farming
  5. natural resource – anything people use from nature
  6. population – the number of people living in an area
  7. region – an area of land with common features
  8. tectonic plates -sections of the earth’s surface that move
  9. valley – an area of low land between hills or mountains
  10. vegetation – plant life

List 3 – Quiz on 9/29

  1. artifact – a handmade object
  2. culture – way of life, including customs and beliefs
  3. decoy – a fake version of something used to trick others
  4. dwell – to live
  5. game – animals hunted for food
  6. generation – a group of people born and living during the same time
  7. legend – a story from the past that is believed by many, but can’t be proven
  8. silt – sand, clay and small rocks carried by running water
  9. tradition – an action or belief passed down through the generations
  10. tribe – a group of people with a common leader or ancestors

List 4 – Quiz on 10/13

  1. bay – a body of water connected to the sea and partially enclosed by land
  2. ceremony – an important social or religious event
  3. conquest – the act or process of conquering
  4. foothills – low hills at the bottom of higher mountains
  5. navigate – to find the way to get to a place
  6. port – a city or town where ships load or unload
  7. prairie – a large, flat area of land covered with grass
  8. religion – a set of beliefs about God or gods
  9. strait – a narrow passage of water connecting two seas
  10. voyage – a journey by water

List 5 – Quiz on 10/27

  1. adobe – bricks made of clay and straw
  2. cattle – cows and bulls kept for their milk or meat
  3. convert – to change beliefs or opinions
  4. expedition – an organized journey for a purpose, like exploration or war
  5. government – the group of people who control and make decisions for a city, state or country
  6. mission – a settlement built to teach a religion
  7. presidio – Spanish fort
  8. pueblo – Spanish town
  9. sanctuary – the room inside a church where services are held
  10. tallow – animal fat

List 6 – Quiz on 11/17

  1. colony – a group of people who build a settlement to claim land for their country
  2. governor – leader of a state
  3. independence – freedom from outside control
  4. land grant – land given by the government
  5. merchant – a person who buys and sells goods
  6. missionary – a person sent to teach a religion
  7. peninsula – land surrounded by water on three sides
  8. rancho – cattle ranch
  9. tax – money paid to the government
  10. territory – an area of land that belongs to someone

List 7 – Quiz on 12/8

  1. hide – animal skin
  2. crops – plants grown by farmers
  3. economy – the buying and selling of products and services
  4. harvest – to gather crops
  5. immunity – natural protection from disease
  6. nomad – a person who has no permanent home and moves often
  7. organic – natural, without artificial chemicals
  8. pesticide – chemical used to kill insects or weeds
  9. secular – not religious or spiritual
  10. settler – a person who settles in a new region or country

List 8 – Quiz on 1/12

  1. citizen – a member of a state or country
  2. delegate – someone chosen to represent others
  3. government – people who control and make decisions for a country, state, or city
  4. nation – a country
  5. pioneers – the first people to enter or settle a region
  6. rebel – to resist or go against authority or control
  7. republic – a type of government where the people vote for their leaders
  8. revolt – to fight against a ruler
  9. route – a path for travel
  10. surveyor – someone who measures and marks land

List 9 – Quiz on 1/26

  1. annex – legally take over
  2. boundary – a line that separates two areas
  3. channel – a narrow passage of water connecting two seas
  4. claim – small area of land a miner marked off as their own
  5. occupy – to live in or fill a place
  6. prospector – someone who explores for mining
  7. resistance – refusal to accept something new or different
  8. surrender – to stop fighting and admit defeat
  9. treaty – a written agreement between two countries
  10. trespass – to go onto someone’s land without permission

 

List 10 – Quiz on 2/9

  1. demand – the desire to pay for certain goods or services
  2. diversity – variety, or having differences
  3. entrepreneur – someone who takes the risk to start and run a business
  4. epidemic – the outbreak of a disease that spreads quickly
  5. hardship – something that causes suffering
  6. immigrant – someone who moves to a new country
  7. isthmus – a narrow strip of land with ocean on both sides
  8. mineral – a natural substance taken from the ground
  9. supply – to provide the goods or services people want
  10. vigilante – someone who punishes criminals without the authority to do so

List 11 – Quiz on 3/2

  1. abandon – to leave someone or something behind
  2. amendment – to change a law or bill
  3. congress – a body of lawmakers
  4. discrimination – to treat some people better than others without a fair or good reason
  5. foreign – related to another country
  6. frontier – a region on the edge of a settled area
  7. industry – the businesses that provide a certain good or service
  8. labor – work
  9. obstacle – something that stands in your way
  10. slavery – the practice of selling and owning other people

List 12 – Quiz on 3/16

  1. compromise – to settle an argument by both sides giving up something
  2. constitution – a written plan for government
  3. convention – a meeting of people for a common purpose
  4. executive – the branch of government that carries out the laws
  5. fugitive – someone who runs away or tried to escape
  6. judicial – the branch of government with the courts
  7. jury – a group of people who listen to a court case and give a verdict
  8. justice – treating all people fairly and equally under the law
  9. legislative – the branch of government that makes the laws
  10. principle – a basic truth that people base their ideas on

List 13 – Quiz on 4/13

  1. communicate – to exchange information
  2. engineer – someone who plans and builds machines or structures
  3. famine – an extreme shortage of food
  4. freight – goods carried from place to place
  5. investor – someone who puts money into a business in hopes of making more in the future
  6. ravine – a small, deep, narrow valley
  7. stagecoach – a horse-drawn carriage used to carry mail and passengers
  8. telegraph – a system of sending messages over long distances by using wires and electrical signals
  9. transcontinental – across a continent
  10. transportation – a system for moving passengers or goods from one place to another

 

List 14 – Quiz on 5/8

  1. depression – a period of time with little economic activity and many people do not have jobs
  2. drought – a long period of time with very little or no rain
  3. exclude – to prevent someone from doing something or being a part of a group
  4. factory – a building where products are made
  5. heritage – the traditions, achievements, and beliefs  that are part of the history of a group or nation
  6. persecute –to treat someone cruelly or unfairly especially because of race or religious or political beliefs
  7. precipitation –  water that falls to the ground as rain, snow, etc.
  8. profit – money that is made in a business after all the costs and expenses are paid
  9. revolution – a sudden, extreme change in the way people live or work
  10. strike – to stop working to force an employer to agree to demands

 

List 15 – Quiz on 5/25

  1. aerospace – an industry that deals with air and space travel
  2. aqueduct – a pipe or channel that is used to bring water to an area
  3. international – between countries
  4. internet – a system that connects computers throughout the world
  5. lumber – wooden boards or logs that have been sawed and cut for use
  6. manufacture – to make something by using machines
  7. military – the armed forces
  8. reservoir – a manmade lake that is used to store a large supply of water
  9. technology – the use of science to invent useful things or to solve problems
  10. tourism – travel for pleasure

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